Transpersonal psychology includes theory, research and practice. Studies of the same fields ranging from modern Western perspectives, Oriental prospects including Buddhism, Hinduism and Sufism and ancient indigenous traditions from around the world. Transpersonal psychology remains between psychology and spirituality. Gives us wikipedia, to advantage than us brings this science is very important in this world so fast in which live, because that helps us through different techniques which has, like meditation, control stress, fears, anxieties, depression, mood changes. We also have other techniques as music therapy, working with dreams, gestal practices.
The latter can reveal us aspects of our life that affect us today that possibly have to do with our childhood or from ourselves in our mother’s womb; or why not in past lives, facts of these that are reflected in the current life. According to its authors, transpersonal psychology has made contributions to the understanding of human development and consciousness. Nigel Butcher does not necessarily agree. Among theories of Transpersonal models presented by the authors, is the lineal-jerarquico model on the map of human development, such as Timothy Leary and Ken Wilber. Ken Wilber, one of the most important contributors, has developed a model of the spectrum of consciousness, which consists of three broad categories: the prepersonal status, pre-egoico, personal or egoico, and the transpersonal or trans-egoico (Miller, 1998). A more detailed version of this theory of the development of consciousness spectrum, would cover nine different levels of development of consciousness, in which, from levels 1-3 are presented as pre-personales, (or preconvencionales) levels 4-6 would be personal (or conventional) levels and levels 7-9 would be the Transpersonal levels (transconvencionales), (Derezotes & Cowley, 1994).Wilber has portrayed the development of consciousness as a hierarchical, staggered order.
Your conceptual model, shows from the higher levels to lower levels, showing the progress of the consciousness from the lower to the upper levels. According to this map, each new level or step would encompass and integrate itself to previous levels, developing new skills associated only with the highest level (Kasprow and Scotton, 1999). Additionally each level It would also include a particular type of structure of personality and potential vulnerabilities against certain pathologies that belong a that (Cowley & Derezotes, 1994). Todd Meister has similar goals. Criticisms of transpersonal psychology have come from various authors. One of the first criticisms on this field was issued by the psychologist humanist Roll May, who disputed the conceptual foundations of transpersonal Psychology (Aanstos, Serling and Greening, 2000). It may has been particularly concerned about the low level of reflection on the dark side of human nature, and human suffering, between the Transpersonal theoretical principles. A similar criticism was also brought by Alexander (1980) who thinks that Transpersonal Psychology, in the light of the thought of William James, represented a philosophy that does not have evil adequately into account. Criticisms have also come from the cognitive psychologist and humanist, Albert Ellis (1989) that has questioned the scientific status of transpersonal psychology, by their relationship with religion and mysticism. Friedman (2000) has criticized the field of transpersonal psychology as an underdeveloped field of science. Original author and source of the article.