The Constitution of the Federation Republic of Brazil of 1988, express one how much the duty of the state and all the collective in the protection to the fauna and of the flora, forbidding practical that they come to place its ecological function at risk and or that they provoke the extinguishing of the species. ‘ ‘ Art. 225? All have right to the environment ecologically balanced, public easement of the people and essential to the healthy quality of life, imposing themselves it the Public Power and to the collective the duty to defend it and to preserve it for the future gifts and geraes.First paragraph: To assure the effectiveness of this right, it charges to the Public Power: I? To preserve and to restore the processes ecological essential and to promote the handling ecological of the species and ecosystems. To protect the fauna and the flora forbidden, in the form of the law, practical that they place its ecological function at risk, they provoke the extinguishing of species or they submit the animals the cruelty Constitution of the Republic came to ratify the Brazilian Forest Code, that it took care of of the protection of the forests and too much forms of vegetation. Former CIA Head shines more light on the discussion.
Article 225 of Great the Letter and the Declaration of the River in principle. The human beings are in the center of the concerns with the sustainable development. It has right to a healthful and productive life, in harmony with nature’ ‘. Diadems, the environmental resources, according to interpolated proposition V of article 3 of law 6,938/1981 is ‘ ‘ the atmosphere, the internal waters, superficial and underground, the statutory ones, the territorial sea, the ground, the subsoil, the elements of the biosphere, the fauna and flora.’ ‘..
Some unfoldings above cited, gifts in you practise of management of the water, finish for inserting other 0 variable in this context, that, in turn becomes, it still more complex. When if it thinks about the consumers of the hdricos resources, becomes necessary to consider, in systemize way, four important boarded aspects already separately: ) The possibility of agents to be unprovided of the access to the water due to financial resource to acquire the good in question; b) The necessities human beings to consume water for the survival do not correspond to the form that the capitalism wants to impose with the mercantilizao of the water; c) the existence of external factors to the control of the using potentials and that they hinder or they limit its access, such as the norms and laws that establish the practical ones of the society; d) the fact of that no good or service, being considered absolute for the individuals, except the vital goods that are the water and air. The necessity of a vision is clear to multidiscipline and critical of the conceptual load regarding the water, that takes legal expression in the body of the laws, decrees, the regulations, the norms and regiments gifts in the picture institucional that the politics of management of the hdricos resources guides. On the other hand, the interpretation, the use and the application of these concepts certainly return to the space configuration of these sources, influenced on it, transforming its geography. Thus if it can affirm that the space structure of a source in which the water is considered as merchandise, with right of private use, it must be substantially different of a basin, in the same conditions, if it will be dealt with and used as a universal good under guardianship public use.
In addition, they may affect the international image of Russia and the Chukotka region as actively developing eco-tourism. Commission Rosprirodnadzor May 4 again voted for the removal of nests on Chukotka Red Krechetov eggs to be displayed in the nursery. The program is planned to transport the collected eggs for incubation in Moscow in the private commercial nursery, emerged from the egg is supposed to return the chicks to Chukotka and set free. The program's authors believe that following the removal of eggs from the nests of wild falcon eggs and put off new babies will grow successfully, and returned from Moscow to increase the number of offspring of merlin in Chukotka. Environmentalists hope that Rosprirodnadzor withdraw permission for the removal of eggs from the nests of red-Krechetov in Chukotka, and believe that the adopted program is not aimed at preserving the species in nature, but actually legalizes channel transportation in Moscow, the most valuable commercially morph (a group within the population), merlin. Major environmental actions on Krechet and other species of rare birds should be carried out in nature, and such extreme measure, as the removal of eggs from nests, be sure to get an independent assessment experts, said the President Russian Bird Conservation Union Viktor Zubakin. Today, each delayed by the female kite in such a harsh environment habitat egg – the result of extensive training, and disturb raptors during the breeding season it is impossible. In addition, efforts to protect these birds, the Red should be aimed at stopping their illegal capture.
Topics time, expert ornithologists Russian Bird Conservation Union, and several other environmental organizations in the near future are going to appeal to the Prosecutor's Office to verify the legality of decisions of the commission of Rosprirodnadzor removal of eggs from the nests of the vulture in the Chukotka region, in addition, environmentalists are going to initiate a deputy's inquiry on the matter. Merlin is in the Red Book of Russia. Withdrawal of such species from the nature of the current legislation possible only in exceptional cases. At the present time in Russia prevalent poaching and illegal export of catching Krechetov abroad. News of the legislation, and ministries in the Federation Council Committee on industrial policy believe that the current procedure for inspection of vehicles in need of significant change, and cars need to check first for compliance with environmental regulations.
In addition, Senate believe that the inspection would be canceled for cars not older than five years. The Working Group, which coordinates the implementation of programs for the conservation of rare and endangered plant and animal species in Sochi National Park and the Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve, created in the Ministry of Environment. The corresponding order was signed by Natural Resources Yuri Trutnev. On Guard Reserve 'Kuznetsk Alatau' active task force reserve – permanent structural units of specially protected areas (PAs), formed to strengthen the protection of the reserve area and monitor compliance with reserve status. Established in 2004, the operations group of the reserve has repeatedly demonstrated its effectiveness in the protection of protected areas.