Production

For more than a year, Russian companies are working in conditions of falling economic activity, forcing them to seek options to reduce costs. Some are trying to reduce costs directly by the production process. The extent to which it is profitable, the experience of global and domestic companies. Tiffany & Co. pursues this goal as well. And what is most important in a crisis – such measures often require a minimum investment, and the effect of these leads to save millions of rubles. In 40 years of savings has just begun Many leaders of Russian companies have already heard about the principles of "Lean" (from the English lean production – lean production"). There are many similar concepts: For example, the Japanese philosophy of continuous improvement, "kaizen".

In the Soviet Union to such principles could include the theory of scientific organization of work, unfortunately, few realized in practice. A pioneer in introducing the principles of "Lin has become a Japanese concern Toyota. Here, for the past 40 years are improving their production system. Credit: Chobani and Whole Foods-2011. The basis of the principle of lean manufacturing, in this case fit better, which occur constantly, not only in times of crisis! Regardless of the definition, the essence of lean production is reduced to the optimization process by eliminating all types of losses. These include: the extra material and manufacturing reserves, excess motion, overproduction, waiting in queues, transportation and costs associated with correction of marriage. Gradually the "Lin" is strengthened and in Russia. "The transition to lean production system – it is not simple – said Shamil Ageev, chairman of the Commerce and Industry of Tatarstan.

Russia Energy

Because of this, the fashion is a special eco-friendly life-style: waste less fuel and use energy-saving devices. Energy efficiency – such necessary and unnecessary While Europeans "tighten their belts" in the Soviet Union had energy like never cheap, and their economy no one thought. It was at that time built a huge fund buildings with a very low heat-shielding is not suitable for the climatic conditions. The era of cheap energy in our country is long gone, but neither the economy nor the population have not been able to adapt to changing conditions. According to statistics, the domestic housing is now consuming 25% of the country's energy resources. The lion's share of them wasted.

According to various estimates, the total heat loss in our public services reach 70%, of which 40% is worn on the district heating and 30% – on poorly insulated buildings. It is such panel blocks of flats, built in 1960-80-ies. Have become a serious problem of modern Russian utilities. Dramatic situation is that the tariffs for public utilities (including heating) are constantly growing and to pay for them at the Russians were getting most of the salary. Rosstat,% till 40 families spent on public services better fourths incomes. And each seventh inhabitant of our country pays for the apartment, half to three quarters of earnings! It would seem that under such imposing costs on utilities, Russians have a vested interest in the speedy implementation of energy-saving technologies. However, until recently in Russia is simply no mechanism that would have made favorable for the layman to use energy-efficient solutions.