At electoral moments always it is good for exciting the debate around the ideological standards that operate the State. For in such a way it would like to detach in this text the origin of the neoliberal phenomenon, that had beginning in the one after II war bringing as main motivation, a theoretical reaction and politics against the interventionist state and of social welfare, being about an attack against any limitation of the mechanisms of market on the part to State. It has advanced, it is important to observe that the intention of the neoliberalismo was to fight the sovereign Keynesianismo and the solidarismo, and to equip the beddings of one another type of capitalism, hard and free of rules for the future. The argument of the defenders of this ideology was of that the new igualitarismo of this time, proportionate for the state of social welfare, destrua the freedom of the citizens and the vitality of the competition, on which the prosperity of all depended. With this they understood that the inaquality was a positive value, therefore of this needed the society occidental.
In 1973, had the crisis of the economic model of the one after war, when the capitalist world falls in a long and deep contraction, the propitious moment appears them neoliberal ideas to start to gain land. To solve the empecilhos of the capitalism in collapse, the neoliberal trend suggests as antidote; the economic stability as the supreme goal of any government, the fiscal containment of expenses in the social area, reforms and the return of the natural tax of unemployment? practical important for the desmantelamento of the unions. As result of these initiatives, a new and healthful inaquality would go to come back to dinamizar the advanced economies, commanding then, the normal course of the accumulation and the free market. The English government was the first regimen of a country of advanced capitalism to put in practical the neoliberal program, providing at this time a wave of direitizao with a deep politician together with the economic one and of anti-communist ideology.