East Germany

Unification versus structural reform to be funded the knowledge of the structural crisis and the associated political action was pushed largely with the fall of the wall in the background. As with the former East Germany the economy completely collapsed due to their isolation from global economic structures of the new federal States joining a structural crisis-ridden but stable economy of the old Federal Republic now. The solidarity pact were pumped billions of euros to cope with the social problems in the new federal States and social accord at the beginning of the 2nd millennium seemed reasonably assured, the policy discovered the structural crisis under the term globalization apparently new. Harz IV and low-wage sector as a political response to the structural crisis now under the term globalization led to the well-known social reform “Harz IV” in connection with the massive state of the United Germany, the structural obstacles that never disappeared Promotion of the low wage sector, and to the discussion on the promotion of education, innovation, research and development. While the adjustment processes, which calls for the so-called globalization, were been poured seventies, early eighties by economists in the so-called product cycle theory which since late. Stating that the competitive advantages long term and hiking by the advanced industrial Nations, invent new products and economic processes and developing to the simple, standardized production, to the countries, which need only to copy the initial changes.

These tend to be less industrialized States employ the then lower wage levels as a decisive factor product cycle theory to the structural shift of the international division of labour. Industrialized countries, however, are doomed to always come with new products and processes on the market. Because, so the findings, the economic research institutes and researchers in the early 1980s in studies, opinions and Forecasts had held: any attempt to adjust the wage level of international competition, maintain uncompetitive industries and sectors, inevitably leads to a further loss of international competitiveness. On the causes of base unemployment, so the scientific knowledge, nothing is changed by such measures thus. Misallocation of human capital base unemployment is a result of political neglect in the fields of education and training, so the scientists of various economic institutions stated unanimously in the 1980s. Not the previous content orientation on industrial division of labor, but on the post-industrial information society with flexible labour and qualification structures on the one hand and promoting personality away from the principle of “Dependent employment” to the principle of “Independence in life and work” on the other hand would solve the problem of base unemployment.

Without these structural reform of the education system, one would always those People need to give that sozialisations – and qualification related objectively not could follow the structural changes in the economy and society. Old forecasts confirmed presence of the Swiss Prognos AG warned the German industry as early as 1982 in their report number 11 on future up to the year 2000, that the gap between rich and poor in Germany would diverge more and more without appropriate structural adjustments and that this considerable social conflict or significant costs for the management of social conflicts threatened. As areas where structural adjustments must be made through the appropriate promotion, Prognos made 1982 including energy, raw materials, environmental protection, health care and education. This revised article was published for the first time Wolfgang Schwerdt on suite101